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Pharyngeal pouch (embryology)

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In the embryonic development of vertebrates, pharyngeal pouches form on the endodermal side between the pharyngeal arches. The pharyngeal grooves (or clefts) form the lateral ectodermal surface of the neck region to separate the arches.

The pouches line up with the clefts, and these thin segments become gills in fish.

Table of contents
  1. Specific pouches
  2. See also

Image gallery

Kiemenbogen Gray

Specific pouches

First pouch

The endoderm lines the future auditory tube (Pharyngotympanic Eustachian tube), middle ear, mastoid antrum, and inner layer of the tympanic membrane. Derivatives of this pouch are supplied by Mandibular nerve.

Second pouch Third pouch Fourth pouch

Derivatives include: Fifth pouch Sixth pouch
See also

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