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Aėtius of Amida
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Aėtius of Amida was a Byzantine Greek physician and medical writer, particularly distinguished by the extent of his erudition. His birth and death years are not known, but his writings appear to date from the end of the 5th century or the beginning of the 6th.
Aėtius was probably a Christian. If so, he would be among the earliest recorded Greek Christian physicians.
He is sometimes confused with Aėtius of Antioch, a famous Arian who lived in the time of the Emperor Julian.
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Aėtius was born a Greek and a native of Amida (modern Diyarbakir, Turkey), a city of Mesopotamia, and studied at Alexandria, which was the most famous medical school of the age.
Aėtius mentions Patriarch Cyril of Alexandria, who died in 444, and Petrus archiater, probably the physician of Theodoric the Great, whom he defines as a contemporary, so it appears that he wrote at the very end of the 5th century or the beginning of the 6th. He is in turn quoted by Alexander of Tralles, who lived probably in the middle of the 6th century.
Aėtius traveled and visited the copper mines of Soli, Cyprus, Jericho, and the Dead Sea.
In some manuscripts Aėtius has the title of komes opsikiou (??u?? ???????), Latin comes obsequii, which means the chief officer in attendance on the emperor.
Aėtius seems to be the first Greek medical writer among the Christians who gives any specimen of the spells and charms so much in vogue with the Egyptians, such as that of Saint Blaise in removing a bone which sticks in the throat, and another in relation to a fistula.
The division of Aėtius' work Sixteen Books on Medicine (??B??? ??????? ?????????) into four tetrabibli was not made by himself, but (as Fabricius observes) was the invention of some modern translator, as his way of quoting his own work is according to the numerical series of the books. Although his work does not contain much original matter, and is heavily indebted to Galen and Oribasius, it is nevertheless one of the most valuable medical remains of antiquity, as being a very judicious compilation from the writings of many authors, many from the Alexandrian Library, whose works have long since been lost.
In the manuscript for book 8.13, the word ??u? (acme) is written as ????, the origin of the modern word acne.
Aėtius is recorded as having developed a concoction for contraception consisting of aloe, wallflower seed, pepper, and saffron. He is also known to have developed an abortifacient mixture, whose contents are not known.
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